Crime Victim Rights

Minnesota law provides for the following rights for crime victims. Read the full State Statute.

The right to be notified of:
•    Their rights as a victim.
•    Prosecution process and their right to participate.
•    Content of any plea bargain agreements.
•    Changes in court proceeding schedule when a victim has been subpoenaed or requested to testify.
•    Final disposition of the case.
•    Appeals filed by the defendant, the right to attend the oral argument, and the right to be notified of the final disposition.
•    Sentence modifications for the offender, including the date, time and location of the review.
•    Release, transfer, or escape of the offender from prison or custodial institution.
•    Offender's petition for expungement.
•    Information on the nearest crime victim assistance program or resource.
•    Filing of a civil commitment petition and the outcome.

Participation in Prosecution
•    Request a speedy trial.
•    Provide input in a pretrial diversion decision.
•    Be present at the sentencing and plea presentation hearings.
•    Object orally or in writing to a plea agreement at the hearing.
•    Object orally or in writing to a proposed disposition or sentence.
•    Inform the court of the impact of crime orally or in writing at the sentencing hearing (Victim Impact Statement).
•    Inform the court at the sentencing hearing of social and economic impact of crime on persons and businesses in the community.
•    Submit statement regarding decision to discharge/release an offender from civil commitment.
•    Bring a supportive person to court hearings.
•    Attend hearings.
•    Request a probation review hearing if restitution is not paid as ordered.

Protection from Harm
•    Right to a secure waiting area during court proceedings.
•    Right to request address and other information be withheld in open court.
•    Right to request law enforcement withhold his/her identity from the public.
•    Tampering with a witness is a crime and should be reported.
•    Employers may not discipline or dismiss victims or witnesses who are called to testify in court.

Financial Assistance
•    The right to apply for financial assistance:
•    Victims of violent crime may apply for financial assistance (reparations) from the state if they have suffered economic loss as a result of a violent crime.
•    Victims may request the court to order the defendant to pay restitution if the defendant is found guilty or pleads guilty.
•    Victims may request a probation violation hearing prior to the expiration of probation if restitution has not been paid as ordered.

Victims of Domestic Violence, Sexual Assault & Harassment
•    Right to be informed of prosecutor's decision to decline prosecution or dismiss case along with information about seeking a protective or harassment order at no fee.
•    Protection against employer retaliation for victims who take reasonable time off to attend Order for Protection or Harassment Restraining Order proceedings.
•    Domestic abuse victims have the ability to terminate lease without penalty or payment.
•    Sexual assault victims can make a confidential request for HIV testing of an offender if offender is found delinquent.
•    Sexual assault victims are not required to pay the cost of a sexual assault examination.
•    Sexual assault victims may not be required to undergo a polygraph examination in order for an investigation or prosecution to proceed.